Piercing & Tattoos
A premise at which the following practices are performed requires Registration as a skin Piercer in accordance with Napier City Council Bylaws.
- Insertion or implantation of jewellery
- Electrolysis or Waxing
- Red Vein Cautery
- Manicure or pedicure
- Possibly Acupuncture and Podiatry
Some premises may be exempt.
An Environmental Health Officer can help you with the registration process. They can undertake preliminary inspections at any stage of the setup phase.
Here are the basic requirements:
- All skin piercing area surfaces must be continuously smooth, impervious to water, readily cleanable and lightly coloured.
- Lighting and ventilation must be adequate.
- There must be hot and cold running water and a wash hand basin must be convenient to the skin piercing area and separate from other sinks.
- You must organise management of cleaning practices, personal hygiene policies, pest control, building maintenance and staff training.
- Standard universal precautions protecting the health of each client must be used to prevent wound infection and disease transferences.
- All needles must be single use disposables and other skin piercing utensils must be sterilized satisfactorily.
Registration is renewed each year from 1st April or if the business changes hands.
When you are ready to open, contact the Environmental Health Office (EHO) for an inspection and apply for a certificate of registration. A fee will apply. You may not open until registration has been made and the EHO has approved opening of the premises.
Skin Piercing Guideline
Increasing public awareness has led to increased concerns about the risk of transmission of blood borne diseases such as HIV and Hepatitis B, and C (HBV and HCV). Any of these viruses can be transmitted by contaminated needles, or by blood-to-blood contact. Therefore there is a potential risk to both the client and the operator if proper procedures are not adhered to and needles are not properly sterilised.
The purpose of these guidelines is to explain simple and effective methods that should be employed to help ensure this.
Wherever possible, disposable needles should be used. These should be discarded between clients and no attempt should be made to sterilise them for reuse. Note that needles should be discarded into a puncture resistant container for disposal.
Reusable equipment needs to be both cleaned and sterilised.
Instruments should be physically cleaned by an operator wearing gloves, in cold water with detergent. A brush should be used to removed any adherent material. Ultrasonic cleaning is an acceptable method of cleaning.
Heat is best. Simply boiling clean instruments at 1000c for 30 minutes will effectively kill off HIV, HBV and HCV viruses, as well as many other disease causing organisms. Alternatively, dry heat can be used, for instance glass bead sterilisers at 2500c for 30 seconds, or electric oven at 1700c for 1 hour.
It is important to ensure before attempting to disinfect;
- That the instruments are clean;
- That the heating equipment is up to temperature;
- That the heating unit is not overloaded.
These methods are inferior to heat treatment and should only be used for heat sensitive and environmental cleaning.
Suitable solutions include;
- Glutaraldehyde - immerse equipment for a half hour.
- Hypochlorite (Bleach etc.) - cheap and effective, but can be very corrosive. Ideal for environmental disinfection.
- Alcohol (Ethanol or Isopropyl alcohol) - immerse equipment for a half hour. use in a 70% concentration and allow to air dry.
At all times, follow the manufacturers instructions when handling chemicals.
The following products are not suitable for use:
- Ultraviolet radiation
- Low strength (0.5%) Formalin
- Quaternary ammonium compounds.
These methods have been shown to be ineffective as virucidals, and should not be relied upon.
Cleaning the Clients Skin
In all situations, skin should be cleaned before starting work by wiping the skin surface with one of the following solutions;
- 70% alcohol
- Chlorhexidine gluconate (Hibitane)
- Povidone iodine (Betadine)